Jacques Lacan was one of the most important psychoanalysts ever to have lived. In this clear, wide-ranging primer, Lionel Bailly demonstrates how Lacan's. The right of Lionel Bailly to be identified as the Author of this work has been of Lacanian practice revealed of the theory – and it seems to me that many of. The right of Lionel Bailly to be identified as the Author of this work has been Jacques Lacan was first of all a psychiatrist, and as a clinician, he was more.
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It appeared my short foray into Lacan had come to an end, until Stephen handed me a copy of Lacan Beginner's Guide by Lionel Bailly. Lacan: A Beginner's Guide [Lionel Bailly] on durchcomppumalchi.ga *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Jacques Lacan was one of the most important psychoanalysts. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Lionel Bailly is Honorary Senior Lecturer in Psychoanalysis at UCL and Consultant Psychiatrist, North Essex Mental Health.
We too then can feel free to be bold and daring, and we should feel no reason to hesitate in doing so.
Bailly, Lionel. Oxford: Oneworld Publications, ISBN : Mitchell, Stephen A. Freud and Beyond: a History of Psychoanalytic Thought. New York: Basic Books, Fink, Bruce.
Princeton: Princeton University Press, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, Lacan, Jacques. The First Complete Edition in English. Translated by Bruce Fink.
New York: W. Norton, Lacan: In Spite of Everything. Translated by Gregory Elliott. London: Verso, Jacques Lacan Past and Present: a Dialogue. Translated by Jason E.
Lacan: A Beginner's Guide. Lionel Bailly
New York: Columbia University Press, You are welcome to acquire these books from any other source, besides the UWEC Bookstore, as long as you do so in time to make use of these as needed, according to our class schedule. Periodically I will be asking you to read a short story or two prior to a class meeting. These I will make available to you in pdf form, via our Desire2Learn website and via the W, deptdir, or student-faculty shared drive.
I also periodically will be screening short films in class; I will be responsible for making these available to you. If you are interested in additional potentially useful resources for helping come to grips with Lacan, Lacanian psychoanalysis, and Lacanian critical theory, here are two suggestions: Leader, Darian and Judy Groves. Introducing Lacan: a Graphic Guide.
London: Icon Books, Johnston, Adrian. Possibly, a short story or two, to be announced. Fairbairn and D. This schedule is subject to change. I expect students to strive to bring actively to bear insights you gain through your engagement with the texts and topics addressed as part of this course, and I expect you to strive at the same time to relate these texts and topics to subjects of genuine interest and concern in your own lives.
The Great Other is replaced by a world of phantasy and intersubjectivity unmediated by laws tried and tested and formulated over the history of civilisation. The subject derives its expectations from the behaviour and qualities of the new representatives of authority: expose yourself, be shallow, be omnipotent, destroy your rival etc.
However, if the usual process involved finding alternative ideals - usually slightly older individuals - whom the adolescent could look up to as they once looked up to their parents, what is problematic in the virtual world is that the ideal images found there do not respect the reality principle and encourage ego cathexis rather than object cathexis.
Without object cathexis there is no creativity; when the ego is the only object cathected, the only thing created is more and more images of oneself. And playing the air guitar does not even makes you fit for a punk group.
The ideal ego, constructed around a primary identification with the mother, is re-edited in adolescence through new identifications with adult figures but also to peers.
The virtual world offers as we have seen new and virtual models of identification, which set goals not necessarily bound by the reality principle. In their quest for perfection, teenagers are also able to do something that their predecessors could only do in a limited way and by immense effort: they can change their reality to enjoy the imaginary consequences of the change.
No need now to learn to play an instrument, go to the gym or study, from photoshop to the virtual creation of an avatar, I can be represented by a creature whose qualities do not match mine. In the optical schema, the subject can now choose the flowers and change them if necessary. Reality - so disappointing compared with your virtual self - then becomes the problem, and the solution is to spend more time on electronic media, your eye in the cone in which the image of your narcissistic truth is displayed.
The virtual solution can be seen as a perverse solution to anxiety: as long as the virtual image is intact I do not feel any. Reality can be denied in the same way that the fetishist can deny castration. It is a Lord of the Flies scenario. Nothing can be done to stop a crash as the power is with the multitude of small others who do not have your best interests in mind.
An added degree of complexity lies in the fact that the virtual world is accessible at all hours and almost everywhere. The distinction between private and public is blurred and the individual exposed to bullying finds that there is no place or time where they are safe.
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Lacan rep- resented a new dialectical challenge regarding the rigorous reading of Freud that preserved an appreciation of the Freudian project in the context later developments in philosophy, linguistics, and anthropology.
Was there indeed more to be found in Freud than had been recognised either by the ortho- doxy or by those who were post-Freudian? Perhaps because the clinicians were engaged in other battles, the initial interest in Lacan among North Americans was found in the Academy and especially in the humanities and human sciences there, rather than among clinical psychoanalysts. Lacan was encountered as part of this field and as part of the interest in psychoanalysis as a discourse within cultural theory, as a sort of anthropology rather than a clinical practice.
Anthony Wilden, a British expatriate who was studying with Rene Girard, the French histo- rian and social philosopher at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, provided the first impor- tant introduction to the work of Lacan. In , American Imago published a review of the Wilden text by Octave Mannoni, a psychoanalyst who was then working with Lacan.
In a more generalised fashion, we see from his later work that Wilden is working to identify and syn- thesise the new orientation of scientific thought under the influence of linguistics, information theory, and systems theory. His interest in Lacan results no doubt from this general orientation of his researches.
Naturally, similar efforts are being made in other countries—in Italy, for example. But they are far less advanced—and above all less embracing and less ambitious. One fundamental difference of course was that in France there had been a group of analysts who had worked with Lacan both as his analysands and as his students or colleagues since the s.
This differed from developments in London or Chicago, for instance, where important figures like Melanie Klein, Donald Winnicott or Heinz Kohut emerged within the psychoanalytic institution and then developed a following.
For some, the Lacanian organisation around the work of one person was a reason to question it, but in any case it was a unique phenomenon in psychoanalytic history and should to be taken into account in understanding the particular character of its influence. As an American analyst, interested in the phenomenon and the teaching of Lacan, one never encountered Lacan alone but always also the Lacanians.
In many ways, this is still the case. Young psychoanalysts in New York who are interested in Lacan today attend various formal courses and or workshops, but just as often form semi- or fully independent working groups to study together and to present work to one another.
They do so not simply to supplement formal teaching, but because there is some- thing in the Lacanian approach itself that invites this act. These then are the characteristics of the Lacanian reception in the US. A critique of both the American orthodoxy of Ego Psychology and the post-Freudian relational, interpersonal, and inter-subjective reforms in the name of a radical and dialectical theory of the subject that is nevertheless an affirmation of the Freudian foundation of psychoanalysis, a call to link psychoanalysis with Post-Structuralist theory, and finally, an invitation to rethink the transmission of psychoanalysis, i.
Terms such as the Symbolic, the Paternal Function, Desire, and notions of representation or figuration, as the French say have their origins in his emphases upon these matters, but the current IPA discourse around them has diverged from his own views, which are sometimes misrepresented but more often ignored.
Psychoanalysis is still in its infancy as a clinical discipline and our understanding of the human psyche very far from complete. It is the view of the editors that no particular school of psychoanalytic thought has a perfect model of the workings of the human mind, not to mention its interface with the body. This may be the way in which language evolves naturally, but when applied in the context of a natural science, it can lead to collective thinking going down the wrong path for generations.
Understandings built upon vaguely understood terms are fundamentally shaky and lead to what Ferenczi called a confusion of tongues, and in Lacanian terms, imaginary-to-imaginary dialogues.
Dr. Lionel Bailly : What kind of mirror is the screen?
It is a pity that the successors of Freud in the IPA, who may have been talented clinicians, were not receptive of his exceptional talent for theoretical abstraction. How does the Oedipus Complex work? What did Freud mean by Darstell- barkeit? And in his examination of the fundamentals, he coined new terms and ideas of his own. There is a work of trans- lation to be done—a work of enormous importance and difficulty and beyond the scope of this introduction; indeed, it would constitute a book in itself.
However, it would be negligent of us not to at least provide some indications and clues for non-Lacanians as to the different mean- ings psychoanalytic terms have in the Lacanian Tradition. The Ego and the Ich Freudians, both classical and contemporary, Kleinians, British Independents, American ego psychologists, and others in the IPA tradition of psychoanalysis take the Ego to be the agency of reason that mediates between the savagery of the id, the demands of reality and those of the superego.
Freudians also focus upon the ego as the agency of repression and pathologi- cal defences, which would bring them closer to the Lacanian position. The ego psychologists, particularly those concerned with childhood development like Mahler and Jacobson, recognised ego defences as the keystone of pathological personality traits and this could have been an area of potential common ground with Lacanians.
However, it was in characterising the objective world that Lacan took a step forward in the invention of a new term. The Other Le Grand Autre There is something in the vagueness of this term coupled with the importance suggested by the capitalisation that seems to inspire mystical speculations about it. What has been obscured by this is the important recognition contained in this term that the objective world that most profoundly affects the Subject is the human, cultural world, created, defined and represented by speech and language.
One continuous criticism of Lacan by the psychoanalytic mainstream is that he reduced everything to a matter of language. Relations between others are predominantly within the Imaginary realm, where the relationship between the subject and the Other is predominantly though by no means exclu- sively within the Symbolic.
This is not the place for a lengthy discussion of British object relations or recapitulation of its Freudian origins but in brief, in its classical Freudian character, an object is the vehicle by which the drive attains its aim. Up to this point, most psychoanalytic schools can agree—but divergences begin hereafter.
Freudian and the British object relations schools Kleinian and Independent hold that at this point, the baby makes no distinction between self and non-self; Kleinians also make a direct equivalence between the breast and the mother or even the mater- nal environment, which are seen as an extension of the breast. Internal objects in the adult indi- vidual are seen by non-Lacanian analysts as psychic representations of objects that have been experienced by the subject; more bluntly and admittedly simplistically , internal representa- tions of people with whom the patient has had a relationship.
These are often projected onto real people in the external world and form the basis of transference phenomena. Lacan instead recognised that from extremely early in life, the human infant is able to dis- tinguish between the breast and the mother and to accord to the mother her own subjectivity, a viewpoint taken up more recently in infancy research.
The primary relationship for Lacan is tripartite: an intersubjective relationship between baby and mother over an object, the breast.
In general, Lacanians are not very concerned with object relations per se, but have focused instead on the aspect of objects that causes desire.
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When we talk about the object, in general we mean object a, the cause of desire. Because desire and subjectivity are products of language, the object a is closely linked with master signifiers which give direction to all other signifiers, rather like a magnet with iron filings; this gives object a a central place in the constitution of the Subject.Bailly's emphasis on the Phallus and the Name-of-the-Father works. The ego psychologists, particularly those concerned with childhood development like Mahler and Jacobson, recognised ego defences as the keystone of pathological personality traits and this could have been an area of potential common ground with Lacanians.
He would use these traits in the pursuit of a career in Medicine. site Payment Products. site Edition.
This book, hopefully, will contribute to this exchange.